Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV stands for human papillomavirus. It’s the most common sexually transmitted infection.
The most common STD.
(Other types of HPV cause common warts like hand warts and plantar warts on the feet — but these aren’t sexually transmitted.)
Genital HPV infections are very, very common.
At least a dozen types of HPV can sometimes lead to cancer, though two in particular (types 16 and 18) lead to the majority of cancer cases. These are called high-risk HPV.
There’s no cure for HPV.
Genital warts can be removed by your nurse or doctor.
How you get HPV
You don’t need to be ashamed or afraid
symptoms of HPV
Most people with HPV don’t have any symptoms or health problems. Sometimes HPV can cause genital warts. Some types of HPV can cause cancer, Unfortunately, most people who have a high-risk type of HPV will never show any signs of the infection until it’s already caused serious health problems. That’s why regular checkups are so important. In many cases, cervical cancer can be prevented by finding abnormal cell changes that, if left untreated, could develop into cancer.
A Pap test can detect these abnormal cells in your cervix. A Pap test doesn’t directly test for cancer, or even HPV, but it can discover abnormal cell changes that are likely caused by HPV. These problem areas can be monitored by your nurse or doctor and treated before turning into something more serious.
There isn’t a test for high-risk HPV in the vulva, penis, anus, or throat, and the HPV itself doesn’t have any symptoms. If it becomes cancer, then there may be some symptoms.
Penile cancer — cancer of the penis — might show symptoms like changes in color or thickness of the skin of your penis, or a painful sore might show up on your penis.
Anal cancer might cause anal bleeding, pain, itching, or discharge, or changes in bowel habits.
Vulvar cancer — cancer of the vulva — might show symptoms like changes in color/thickness of the skin of your vulva. There may be chronic pain, itching, or there may be a lump.
Throat cancer might cause a sore throat, ear pain that doesn’t go away, constant coughing, pain or trouble swallowing or breathing, weight loss, or a lump or mass in your neck.
If you develop any of these symptoms, see a doctor right away.
high-risk HPV will lead to cancer
High-risk HPV can cause normal cells to become abnormal. These abnormal cells can lead to cancer over time. High-risk HPV most often affects cells in the cervix, but it can also cause cancer in the vagina, vulva, anus, penis, mouth, and throat.
The good news is most people recover from HPV infections with no health problems at all. We don’t know why some people develop long-term HPV infections, precancerous cell changes, or cancer. But we do know that having another disease that makes it difficult for you to fight infections makes it more likely HPV will cause cervical cancer. Smoking cigarettes also makes HPV more likely to cause cervical cancer.
There’s no cure for HPV, but it usually takes several years for cancer to develop, and abnormal cells in the cervix can be detected and treated before they turn into cancer. And the vast majority of HPV infections are temporary and not serious, so don’t spend a ton of energy worrying about whether you have HPV. Just make sure you’re not skipping your regular checkups, including Pap and/or HPV tests.
difference between HPV and genital warts
are harmless growths on the skin of your vulva, vagina, cervix, penis, scrotum, or anus. Most genital warts are caused by two types of HPV — types 6 and 11. Genital warts look like fleshy, soft bumps that sometimes resemble miniature cauliflower. They’re usually painless and can be treated and removed just like the warts you might get on your hands or feet.]
Because genital warts can look like other common bumpy skin issues, only your nurse or doctor can diagnose and treat your genital warts. Fortunately, warts aren’t dangerous and they don’t lead to cancer — that’s why the types of HPV that cause genital warts are called “low-risk.” However, they may cause irritation and discomfort, and you can pass the HPV that caused them to other people. If you think you have genital warts, it’s important to get checked out right away.
There is no treatment for HPV itself, but if you have high-risk HPV, it could cause abnormal cell changes that might lead to cancer. If you have an abnormal Pap test result, you may need further tests and/or treatment including:
- Colposcopy — a procedure to look more closely at the cervix to see if there are precancerous cells.
- Cryotherapy — a treatment to freeze and remove precancerous cells from the cervix.
- LEEP or Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure — a treatment to remove precancerous cells from the cervix with an electrical current.
Should I get testedThere’s AN HPV check for the cervix, however not for alternative reproductive organ areas.Because HPV is common and infrequently goes away on its own, it’s not continually necessary to check for it.Because HPV is such a typical infection that sometimes goes away on its own, most people never know they have HPV.If you are doing conclude you have got HPV, it’s usually because of an abnormal Pap test result.Pap tests, typically known as Pap smears, are very important tests for finding abnormal cells on your cervix, generally caused by HPV.Pap tests realize cell changes that ar doubtless caused by HPV, but they don’t detect HPV itself.There’s conjointly AN HPV check which will realize some insecure forms of the virus directly, but it’s only used in certain situations.Your nurse or doctor might suggest the HPV checkfor women twenty five and older rather than a Papanicolaou test
for women 30-65, along with a Pap testas a follow-up to a Papanicolaou test that finds abnormal cells or once Papanicolaou test results aren’t clearYour doctor or nurse can tell you which ones tests you will want and the way usually you must get them.If your HPV check result comes back positive, don’t panic.
This doesn’t mean that you have cancer.It means that you have got a kind of HPV which will increase your risk of obtaining cancer within the future.Knowing this enables you to follow up together with your nurse or doctor and monitor your health.Most likely they’ll wish to try and do tests a lot of usually, a minimum of for a bit whereas, to create positive you’re healthy.There’s presently no check to find insecure HPV in folks with penises, that the best you’ll do is get the immunizing agent, use condoms, and acquire regular checkups.For most, the infection can get away while not inflicting any issues.However, it’s vital to appreciate that though you don’t have any symptoms, you’ll still pass HPV to your partner(s).Remember to apply safer sex — this suggests exploitation condoms and/or dental dams throughout epithelial duct, anal and sexual perversion — to assist lower your possibilities of obtaining HPV.
treatment for high-risk HPV
There’s no cure for HPV, but there are plenty of things you can do to stay healthy and safe, and it’s even preventable!There ar vaccines which will forestall insecure HPV sorts and also the sorts that cause reproductive organ warts.Most of the time your body will oppose HPV before it causes any serious issues and before you’re even aware you have got the infection.For the insecure forms of HPV which will eventually result in cancer, finding abnormal cell changes through regular Pap tests and/or HPV tests is that the best approach you’ll
prevent cervical cancer.
How to avoid the HPV virusAs always, the most effective thanks to ensure you don’t get AN STD like HPV is to avoid any sexual contact with another person — that has channel, oral, and
anal sex, and any other genital contact.But most of the people make love at some purpose in their lives.If you’re sexually active, there are things that you can do to lower your chances of getting or spreading HPV: Get the HPV vaccine.Use condoms and/or dental dams each time you have got channel, anal, or oral sex.
Though condoms and dental dams are not as effective against HPV as they are against other STDs like chlamydia and HIV, safer sex can lower your chances of getting HPV.
How can I avoid I giving someone HPV?The truth is, unless you have a high-risk type of HPV, or have genital warts, you’ll probably never know you had HPV.So the best thanks to avoid giving it to somebody is to ne’er have it to start with, by getting the HPV vaccine.Here square measure some belongings you will do to assist stop HPV:
Avoid skin-to-skin contact by not having sex.
Use condoms and/or dental dams every time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Though condoms and dental dams are not as effective against HPV as they are against other STDs like chlamydia and HIV, safer sex can lower your chances of getting HPV.Get the HPV immunogen and encourage your partner to try and do identical. Also read