Hepatitis C could be a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus.

About 3.9 million people in the U.S. have the disease.

But it causes few symptoms, therefore most of them do not know.

 

There area unit several types of the hepatitis C virus, or HCV.

The most common in the U.S. is type 1.

None is a lot of serious than the other, but they respond differently to treatment.

The illness affects people in different ways and has several stages:
Incubation period. This is the time between first exposure to the start of the disease.

It will last anyplace from fourteen to eighty days, but the average is 45

Acute hepatitis C.

This is a short-run unwellness that lasts for the primary half-dozen months once the virus enters your body.

After that, some people who have it will get rid of, or clear, the virus on their own.
Chronic hepatitis C. Picture Of The LiverIf your body doesn’t clear the virus on its own once half-dozen months, it becomes a long-term infection.

This can lead to serious health problems like liver cancer or cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis. This disease leads to inflammation that, over time, replaces your healthy liver cells with scar tissue. It usually takes about 20 to 30 years for this to happen, though it can be faster if you drink alcohol or have HIV.
Liver cancer. Cirrhosis makes liver cancer more likely. Your doctor will make sure you get regular screenings because there are usually no symptoms in the early stages. Read the seven….
Symptoms of Hepatitis C
Many people with hepatitis C have no symptoms. But between 2 weeks and 6 months after the virus enters your bloodstream, you could notice:
Clay-colored poop
Dark urine
Fever
Fatigue

Jaundice (a condition that causes yellow eyes and skin, likewise as dark urine)

Joint pain
Loss of appetite
Nausea
Stomach pain
Vomiting
Symptoms usually last for 2 to 12 weeks

Symptoms of End-Stage Liver Disease
You could notice acute symptoms along with:
Fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity (ascites) or the legs (edema)
Gallstones
Your brain doesn’t work as well (encephalopathy)
Kidney failure
Easy bleeding and bruising
Intense itching
Muscle loss
Problems with memory and concentration
Spider-like veins on the skin
Vomiting blood due to bleeding in the lower esophagus (esophageal varices)
Weight loss. Read syphilis….
How Hep C Spread

The virus spreads through the blood or body fluids of AN infected person.

You can catch it from:
Sharing injection drugs and needles

Having sex, particularly if you’ve got AN STD, an HIV infection, several partners, or have rough sex

Being stuck by infected needles

Birth — a mother will pass it to a baby

Sharing personal care items like toothbrushes, razor blades, and nail clippers
Getting a tattoo or piercing with unclean equipment
You can’t catch hepatitis C through:
Breastfeeding (unless nipples are cracked and bleeding)
Casual contact
Coughing
Hugging
Holding hands
Kissing
Sharing eating utensils
Sharing food or drink
Sneezing.

Risk Factors for Have Hepatitis C
The CDC recommends you get tested for the disease if you:

Received blood from a donor who had the disease
Have ever injected or inhaled drugs
Had a blood transfusion or an organ transplant before July 1992
Received a blood product used to treat clotting problems before 1987
Were born between 1945 and 1965, the age group with the highest rate of infection
Have been on long-term kidney dialysis
Have HIV
Were born to a mother with hepatitis C
Have symptoms of liver disease
Got a tattoo or piercing with unclean equipment
Are or have ever been in prison
Testing and Diagnosis
Doctors will start by checking your blood for:

Anti-HCV antibodies: These are proteins your body makes when it finds the hep C virus in your blood. They usually show up about 12 weeks after infection.

It usually takes a few days to a week to get results, though a rapid test is available in some places.
The results can be:
Nonreactive, or negative:
That may mean you don’t have hep C.
If you’ve been exposed in the last 6 months, you’ll need to be retested.
Reactive, or positive:
That means you have hep C antibodies and you’ve been infected at some point.
You’ll need another test to make sure.
If your antibody test is positive, you’ll get this test:

HCV RNA: It measures the number of viral RNA (genetic material from the hepatitis virus) particles in your blood. They usually show up 1-2 weeks after you’re infected.

The results can be:
Negative: You don’t have hep C.
Positive: You currently have hep C.
As part of the diagnosis process, you might also get:

Liver function tests: They measure proteins and enzyme levels, which usually rise 7 to 8 weeks after you’re infected. As your liver gets damaged, enzymes leak into your bloodstream. But you can have normal enzyme levels and still have hepatitis C.

Treatment for Hepatitis C

If you’ve got acute hepatitis C, there’s no suggested treatment.
If your hepatitis C turns into a chronic hepatitis C infection, there square measure many medications available:

 

Interferon and antiviral drug accustomed be the most treatments for hepatitis C.
They can have facet effects like fatigue, flu-like symptoms, anemia, skin rash, mild anxiety, depression, nausea, and diarrhea.

But hepatitis C treatments have changed a lot in recent years. Now you’re more likely to get one of these medications:
Daclastasvir (Daklinza).

You’ll take this pill once daily beside sofosbuvir for twelve weeks.

Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir (Epclusa).

This daily pill, that you’re taking for twelve weeks, should cure your disease.

Ledipasvir-sofosbuvir (Harvoni ).

This once-daily pill cures the unwellness in most of the people in 8-12 weeks.

Glecaprevir and pibrentasvir (Mavyret).

This daily pill offers a shorter treatment cycle of eight weeks for adult patients with every kind of HCV United Nations agency don’t have liver disease and United Nations agency haven’t already been treated.
The treatment is longer for those that square measure in an exceedingly totally different unwellness stage.
The prescribed indefinite quantity for this medication is three tablets daily.

Peginterferon (Pegasys). You take this medicine as a shot under your skin once a week. Try to take it the same day at the same time. You might take it alone or with other medications. You’ll take it for 12 to 24 weeks.
Ribavirin (Copegus, Moderiba, , Ribasphere, Virazole). This comes as a tablet, capsule, or liquid. You take it with food twice a day, in the morning and evening, for 24 to 48 weeks or longer.
Sofosbuvir (Sovaldi) with interferon and ribavirin. Take this tablet at the same time every day with food. You have to take it along with ribavirin and/or interferon, and you’ll probably be on it for 12 to 24 weeks.

Ombitasvir-paritaprevir- ( Technivie ): You’ll take this pill orally, possibly along with ribavirin.

Ombitasvir-paritaprevir-dasabuvir-ritonavir (Viekira Pack). This treatment is a combo of pills: two that you’ll take once a day, and one you’ll take twice with meals. You’ll take it for 12 to 24 weeks.
Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir (Vosevi).

This combination is approved to treat adults with chronic HCV, either with no cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis (the stage of the disease that doesn’t have symptoms), who’ve already

had certain treatments.
Elbasvir-grazoprevir ( Zepatier ).

This once-daily pill has cured the unwellness in as several as ninety seven of these treated.Side Effects of Hepatitis C Medications

The most common effects of hepatitis C medicine depend upon the drugs and sometimes include:

Flu-like symptoms
Fatigue
Hair loss
Headache
Low blood counts
Trouble thinking
Nervousness
Depression
Complications of Hepatitis C

About seventy fifth to eighty fifth of individuals UN agency have it get a semimpermanent infection referred to aschronic hepatitis C.
If the condition goes untreated, it will cause cirrhosis of the liver, or scarring of the liver

Liver cancer
Liver failure
Prevent Hepatitis C by
There’s no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C. To help avoid getting the virus:

Use a latex contraceptive device whenever you have got sex.

Don’t share personal items like razors.

Do not share needles, syringes, or alternative instrumentality once injecting medicine.

Be careful if you get a tattoo, body piercing, or manicure. The equipment may have someone else’s blood on it. Read Hepatitis b…..

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