What Is Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is an infection of your liver.
It can be fatal if it isn’t treated.
It’s serious, but if you get the disease as an adult, it shouldn’t last a long time.
That means you can’t get it again. But if you get it at birth, it’ unlikely to go away.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B
When you’re first infected, the warning signs include:
Fatigue that persists for weeks or months
You might not feel anything.
They only find out through a blood test
What Causes Hepatitis B
It’s caused by the hepatitis B virus.
How You Can Get Hepatitis B
Sex. You can get it if you have unprotected sex with someone who has it and your partner’s blood, saliva, semen, or vaginal secretions enter your body.
Accidental needle sticks. Health care workers and anyone else who comes in contact with human blood can get it this way.
Mother to child.
Treatment to prevent hepatitis B infection after exposureIf you recognize you have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus and are not positive if you have beenunsusceptible , decision your doctor like a shot.An injection of Ig (an antibody) given among twelve hours of exposure to the virus might facilitate defend you from obtaining sick with hepatitis B.Because this treatment solely provides short protection, you also should get the hepatitis B vaccine at the same time, if you never received it.
Treatment for acute hepatitis B infectionIf your doctor determines your hepatitis B infection is acute — which means it’s ephemeral and can depart on its own — you’ll not want treatment.Instead, your doctor may advocate rest, proper nutrition and plenty of fluids while your body fights the infection.In severe cases, antiviral drugs or a hospital stay is needed to prevent complications.
Treatment for chronic hepatitis B infectionMost people diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B infection want treatment for the remainder of their lives.Treatment helps scale back the danger of disease and prevents you from passing the infection to others.
Treatment for chronic hepatitis B may include:
Antiviral medications.Several antiviral medications — as well as entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka) — can help fight the virus and slow its ability to damage your liver.
These drugs are taken by mouth.Talk to your doctor regarding that medication may well be right for you.
Interferon injections.Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A) could be a artificial version of a substance created by the body to fight infection.It’s used primarily for children with hepatitis B UN agency want to avoid long-run treatment or girls UN agencymay need to urge pregnant among a couple of years, once finishing
a finite course of therapy. Interferon should not be used during pregnancy. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty breathing and depression.
Liver transplant.If your liver has been severely broken, a liver transplant could also be AN choice.During a liver transplant, the medico removes your broken liver and replaces it with a healthy liver.
Most transplanted livers come from deceased donors, though a small number come from living donors who donate a portion of their livers.
Lifestyle and home remediesIf you have been infected with hepatitis B, take steps to guard others from the virus.
Make sex safer.If you are sexually active, tell your partner you have HBV and talk about the risk of transmitting it to him or her.Use a brand new latex birth control device on every occasion you have got sex, however bear in mind that condoms scale back however do not eliminate the danger.
Tell your sexual partner to get tested. Anyone with whom you’ve had sex needs to be tested for the virus.Your partners additionally got to grasp their HBV standing in order that they do not infect others.
Don’t share personal care items.If you employ IV medication, never share needles and syringes.And don’t share razor blades or toothbrushes, which can carry traces of infected blood. See syphilis…